Oi and oy words
Here we have some useful free resources for teaching the /oi/ vowel sound. They can be used to help learners with pronunciation, spelling, and acquiring new vocabulary.
Despite the difference in spelling both oi and oy are pronounced the same way when they appear in English words. They are diphthongs which are two vowel sounds joined together. In the case of oy, y becomes a vowel.
The general spelling rule is that if the /oi/ sound appears at in the middle or start of the word it is spelled oi. If it is at the end of the word oy is used. Like most English language rules there are some exceptions. Loyal for example has the sound in the middle of the word but is spelled with oy.
First of all, we have some free printable flashcards with /oi/ words and pictures that you can use for both rote learning and playing games. There are 32 cards with the words of –
Sheet 1 – asteroid, avoid, boil, buoyant, choice, coil, coin, and convoy.
Sheet 2 – cowboy, coyote, destroy, joy, foil, join, koi, and loyal.
Sheet 3 – moist, noise, oil, ointment, oyster, point, poison, and royal.
Sheet 4 – soil, soy, toilet, toy, turquoise, voice, voyage, and waypoint.
Here are some ideas for using the oi and oy words flashcards that you can try with your classes.
Sorting. After you have printed the cards and cut them out ask learners to sort the words into 2 piles of oi and oy.
Matching. Cut the words from the bottom of the cards and get students to match them with the correct corresponding picture.
Arranging. The cards can be arranged in alphabetical order, into color groups, and things like verb, adjective, and noun groups.
List of oi and oy words
Next, we have a couple of handy word lists that you can use to make your own activities. The words have been separated into words with oi and words with oy.
It should be noted that some words may not have the /oi/ sound in certain areas of the English-speaking world. For example, the word buoy is pronounced differently in North America as is coyote in many countries.
Sentences with oi and oy words
These fun sentences are great for learners to practice their pronunciation of oi and oy words. Another thing you can do is get learners to create their own silly sentences using the words in the lists above.
A convoy of koi enjoy noise.
The bellboy avoids coins.
Boil the oysters before they spoil.
A cowboy pointed at soybeans in the soil.
The turquoise toy is made of alloy.
Join the voyage and say ahoy.
Oil the droid and deploy the decoy.
The royal voice of a rejoicing viceroy.